Chemical analysis evaluates composition and p H; physical analysis measures gloss, strength, color.
Organic analysis detects carbon-based traces of plants and organisms; while inorganic analysis identifies mineral evidence in pigment and ink.
These findings helped to validate the authenticity of the document and identified the ink itself to be of additional significance.
The Gospel of Judas is part of a 66-page codex (a handwritten manuscript in book form) that tells a story different than what is traditionally believed about the relationship between Jesus and Judas (Figure 1).
From “sleeves” covering an entire forearm to “chest pieces” from clavicle to clavicle, there isn’t anywhere on anyone that’s off limits anymore.